Strategies for classrooms-Universal Design for Learning Guidelines

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I. Provide Multiple Means of Representation

1: Provide options for perception
1.1 Offer ways of customizing the display of information
1.2 Offer alternatives for auditory information
1.3 Offer alternatives for visual information

2: Provide options for language, mathematical
expressions, and symbols
2.1 Clarify vocabulary and symbols
2.2 Clarify syntax and structure
2.3 Support decoding of text, mathematical notation,
and symbols
2.4 Promote understanding across languages
2.5 Illustrate through multiple media

3: Provide options for comprehension
3.1 Activate or supply background knowledge
3.2. Highlight patterns, critical features, big ideas, and
3.3 Guide information processing, visualization, and
3.4 Maximize transfer and generalization

II. Provide Multiple Means of Action and Expression

4: Provide options for physical action
4.1 Vary the methods for response and navigation
4.2 Optimize access to tools and  technologies

5: Provide options for expression and communication
5.1 Use multiple media for communication
5.2 Use multiple tools for construction and composition
5.3 Build  uencies with graduated levels of support for
practice and performance

6: Provide options for executive functions
6.1 Guide appropriate goal-setting
6.2 Support planning and strategy development
6.3 Facilitate managing information and resources
6.4 Enhance capacity for monitoring progress

III. Provide Multiple Means of Engagement

7: Provide options for recruiting interest
7.1 Optimize individual choice and autonomy
7.2 Optimize relevance, value, and authenticity
7.3 Minimize threats and distractions

8: Provide options for sustaining effort and persistence
8.1 Heighten salience of goals and objectives
8.2 Vary demands and resources to optimize challenge
8.3 Foster collaboration and community
8.4 Increase mastery-oriented feedback

9: Provide options for self-regulation
9.1 Promote expectations and beliefs that optimize
9.2 Facilitate personal coping skills and strategies
9.3 Develop self-assessment and re ection




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